Ana Xavier holds an economics degree from the Lisbon Nova School of Business and Economics, Portugal, and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of York, UK, where she worked as a researcher at the Centre for Health Economics. She moved to Belgium in 2000 to work as a senior economist at the Centre for Transition Economics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, looking at countries in transition from a planned to a market economy.
She has been working at the European Commission since 2004. She held various jobs in DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion and DG Economic and Financial Affairs dealing with a variety of issues including the development of common objectives and indicators and analysing the sustainability of health, long term care and pensions systems. She was deputy head of unit in DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion in the Thematic Analysis unit where she coordinated the analysis on the employment and social situation in Europe, and she was deputy head of unit in the Social Aspects of European Semester unit, coordinating the work of the Semester and working with the Employment Committee.
From 2017 to 2020 she headed the unit in charge of the economic policy monitoring and analysis of Czechia, Poland, Slovakia in DG Economic and Financial Affairs. Since 2020 she heads the unit in charge of the economic and policy analysis of taxation and providing evaluation & impact assessment support in DG Taxation and Customs Union. The unit is in charge of two annual publications: the Taxation Trends Report 2021and the Annual Report on Taxation 2021.